Anatomical location terms

 

  • Anterior towards the front of the body
  • Posterior towards the back of the body
  • Ventral towards the front of the torso
  • Dorsal towards the back of the torso
  • Medial towards the centre or the mid line of the body
  • Lateral towards the outside or away from the midline of the body
  • Peripheral towards the outside of the body
  • Inferior below or towards the bottom of the body
  • Superior above or towards the top of the body
  • Proximal towards the centre of the body or another structure
  • Distal away from the centre of the body or another structure
  • Longitudinal vertically along the body
  • Transverse horizontally across the body
  • Sagittal median towards the plane that divides the left and right halves of the body
  • Coronal towards the plane that divides the front and back halves of the body
  • Palmer towards the palm of the hand
  • Planter on or towards the sole of the foot
  • Dorsi on or towards the back of the hand, or top of foot
  • Axillary towards the armpit
  • Caudal towards the buttocks
  • Cranial towards the head
  • Inguinal towards the groin

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